Yarrow, a member of the Compositae family, could be easily overlooked due to its modest appearance. Its unremarkable white and sometimes pink umbels, comprised of many single flowers, crown a firm stalk, where finely articulated leaves show order and clarity. Each leaf has a feathery appearance and they are rhythmically distributed along the stem. The plant grows in the summer months, preferring dry meadows throughout Europe, North Asia and North America. Its size varies considerably; the plant can grow to a height of 150 cm.
Its key features are a clear external structure, essential oils (20-40% chamazulene = as in chamomile), an abundance of potassium, which stimulates elimination and gently lowers the blood pressure, as well as bitter substances which promote secretion and stimulate the appetite. Yarrow has a comprehensive influence on the activity of the liver, it strengthens the stomach, protects the stomach lining, has an anti-inflammatory effect on wounds, reducing swelling, and is a welcome medicinal agent in gynaecology, especially for abdominal inflammation.
Indications and application